A bed consists of five basic parts: a headboard, a footstep, two side rails, a box spring and a mattress. The way a vintage bed is dismantled depends on the design and style of the bed made. Styles of beds include chaise lounges, twin beds, full beds, queen beds, king beds and bunk beds. Bed frames are made of wood, metal or a combination of both. There are three general categories of bed patterns: floor frame beds, raised frame beds and bunk beds.
Floor Frame Beds
Remove the mattress and the box spring from the floor frame. Move them out of the room to free up work space. Loosen bolts and nuts that hold vintage bed and pedestal on the frame using suitable tools. Ask your assistant to hold the end caps while loosening the hardware. Have him keep it so it stays vertical. Pull the frame apart. Some frames, however, are one piece and cannot be broken down. Knock the frames apart with a rubber mallet if needed.
Raised Frame Beds
Remove the mattress, box frame and cross bar slats between the two side rails. Place them in another room to clear the workspace. Loosen hardware bolts and nuts that hold one of the side rails to the headboard and footboard. Ask the assistant to hold the foot plate while undoing hardware on that end of the side rail. Have him move the foot plate out of the way and go hold up the gable while removing the nuts and bolts off the side rail. Allow the free end of the rail to rest on the floor to remove the pressure and nuts. Too much lean makes the hardware bind.